The Edo period is a period in Japanese history between the years 1603 and 1868. This was a period that saw Japan change from a young Feudal power to a strong empire. It saw Japan make contact with Europeans, and saw many wars and battles. From ruthless rampaging warlords, to America bullying Japan until it gives in to their demands. This is a list of 5 amazing facts about the Edo period.


5

Warlord’s Nirvana

Tokugawa_Ieyasu2

 

During the Edo period warlords were ruthless in Japan and often would willfully offer their own children as hostages to strengthen an alliance. Warlords might give up their children because they were put in a position where they would be killed otherwise, or they may just do it to help further their political ambition. The children would be given at a very young age, and raised as a citizen the country holding them hostage.


4

Nobunaga’s Power

Oda_Nobunaga-Portrait_by_Giovanni_NIcolao

 

During this period the Japanese were constantly at war. Although the country had a leader called a shogun, he had no real power. All the power in the country was held by warlords who raised armies and tried to conquer Japan. The most powerful warlord was Oda Nobunaga, he was feared throughout the land. Nobunaga’s power didn’t last, he was betrayed by one of his generals, how he killed him is unsure but his entire body had been turned to ash. His army was then under Tokugawa Ieyasu’s rule, who later became shogun.


3

First Ever White Man

 

Portuguese_traders_landing_in_Japan

It was in the Edo period that the Europeans stepped foot on Japan for the first time in History. Some of the Europeans that came over were Jesuit missionaries determined to convert some Japanese people to Christianity. In only 50 years they had built a whopping 200 churches, and converted a quarter million Japanese to Christianity.


2

Samurai Justice

Seppuku-2

 

The Samurai’s were the only ones with the right to carry two swords, and these swords allowed them to lord over any farmers or peasants they wanted. They could use them to enact justice, for instance if a peasant or farmer was rude to them it was their duty to kill the peasant or farmer. When Samurai were ashamed or dishonoured they would commit Seppuku, cutting out their abdomen as they believed this is where the heart is, and that was the only way to redeem themselves.


1

America Bullies Japan

Commodore_Matthew_Perry's_-Black_Ship-

 

For about 200 years Japan refused to trade or interact with European countries, completely closing themselves off from the rest of the world. However Japan didn’t advance much in that time where as the rest of the world did. Eventually America came to Japan with a fleet of ships the likes of which Japan had never seen. Giant steam powered ships, armed with 60 cannons and crews of a thousand men. They called them “The Black Ships”, and because Japan had never seen steam power before they thought the ships were on fire. Eventually Japan began trading with European, and American countries, otherwise they would have been conquered by them.